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  • Melanoma is the single most common cause of cancer deaths in Queensland.
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Skin Cancer

The Most Common Skin Cancer

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common form of skin cancer. Actually, it is probably the most typical of all cancers. Much more than 1 out of each and every 3 new cancers are skin cancers, and also the vast majority are basal cell carcinomas. These cancers arise in the basal cells, which line the deepest layer of the epidermis (top skin layer).


The Main Cause

Nearly all basal cell carcinomas occur on parts of the body excessively exposed to the sun – particularly the face, ears, neck, scalp, shoulders, and back. On rare occasions, nevertheless, tumors develop on unexposed areas. In a few cases, contact with arsenic, exposure to radiation, open sores that resist healing, chronic inflammatory skin conditions, and complications of burns, scars, infections, vaccinations, or even tattoos are contributing factors.
Who Gets It?

Anyone with a history of sun exposure can develop basal cell carcinoma. Nevertheless, people who are at highest risk have fair skin, blond or red hair, and blue, green, or grey eyes. Those most frequently affected are older individuals, but as the number of new cases has increased sharply each year within the last few decades, the average age of patients at onset has steadily decreased. The disease is rarely seen in kids, but occasionally a teenager is affected. Dermatologists report that more and more individuals in their twenties and thirties are being treated for this skin cancer. Men with basal cell carcinoma have outnumbered ladies with the disease, but more ladies are getting basal cell carcinomas than within the past. Workers in occupations that require lengthy hours outdoors and individuals who invest their leisure time within the sun are especially susceptible.
Not to Be Ignored

Basal cell carcinomas are easily treated in their early stages. The larger the tumor has grown, nevertheless, the more extensive the treatment required. Even though this skin cancer seldom spreads, or metastasizes, to important organs, it can damage surrounding tissue, sometimes causing considerable destruction and disfigurement – and some basal cell carcinomas are more aggressive than others.

When little skin cancers are removed, the scars are generally cosmetically acceptable. If the tumors are very large, a skin graft or flap may be used to repair the wound in order to attain the very best cosmetic result and facilitate healing.
Risk of Recurrence

Individuals who’ve had one basal cell carcinoma are at risk for developing other people over the years, either in the same area or elsewhere on the body. Therefore, regular visits to a dermatologist ought to be routine to ensure that not only the site(s) previously treated, but the whole skin surface could be examined.

Basal cell carcinomas on the scalp and nose are especially troublesome, with recurrences usually taking location within the initial two years following surgery.

Should a cancer recur, the physician might recommend a various kind of treatment. Some techniques, such as Mohs micrographic surgery, might be extremely efficient for recurrences.